VS.3 Study Guide
What were the reasons for English colonization in America?
England wanted to establish an American colony to increase her wealth and power.
What did England hope to find in America?
Silver and gold
What would an American settlement furnish for England?
Raw materials that could not be grown or obtained in England, while opening new markets for trade
What was the reason that Jamestown was settled?
Jamestown was primarily an economic venture.
Who financed the settlement of Jamestown?
The Virginia Company of London
When did Jamestown become the first permanent English settlement?
Where was Jamestown located when the settlers arrived?
On a narrow peninsula bordered on three sides by the James River
Where is Jamestown located today?
On an island in the James River
Why did the settlers choose the site at Jamestown?
1. Instructions told the settlers to go inland and find a suitable place for their colony
2. The location could be easily defended from attack by sea (Spanish)
3. The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock
4. They believed they had a good supply of fresh water
Who had the power to grant charters to the Virginia Company of London?
The King of England
What was the importance of the charters of the Virginia Company of London?
To establish a settlement in North America and extend English rights to the settlers
What was the first representative legislative body in English America?
The General Assembly
What were the representatives that made of the General Assembly called?
Who made up the General Assembly?
Two representatives from each division of Virginia, the governor’s council, and the governor
Who could take part in the General Assembly?
Only certain free adults
When did the governor call a meeting of the General Assembly?
When did the Burgesses become a separate legislative body, called the House of Burgesses?
What was the first elected legislative body in English America?
House of Burgesses
What were the two legislative bodies of the General Assembly?
The Governor’s Council and the House of Burgesses
What power did the House of Burgesses give to the settlers?
The opportunity to control their own government
What exists today that dates back to the House of Burgesses in 1619?
The Current Virginia General Assembly
Who captured African men and women from what is present-day Angola?
What was the status of early African men and women as they arrived in Virginia?
Who arrived against their will in Jamestown in 1619?
What did the arrival of Africans make it possible to do?
Expand the tobacco economy
What did the arrival of women in 1620 do for Jamestown?
Made it possible for more settlers to establish families and a permanent settlement at Jamestown
What hardships did the Jamestown settlers face?
1. The site they chose to live was marshy and lacked safe drinking water.
2. The settlers lacked some skills necessary to provide for themselves.
3. Many settlers died of starvation and disease.
What changes took place that resulted in survival of the settlers?
1. The arrival of supply ships
2. The forced work program and strong leadership of Captain John Smith
3. The emphasis on agriculture resulted in the survival of the colony
Who initiated trading relationships with the native peoples?
Captain John Smith
The native peoples traded food with the English for what?
Tools, pots, guns, and copper for jewelry
How did the native peoples contribute to the survival of the Jamestown settlers?
1. Powhatan, chief of many tribes, provided leadership to his people and taught the settlers survival skills
2. Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan, served as a contact between the native peoples and the English
3. The native peoples showed the settlers how to plant corn and tobacco
How did the native peoples feel about the settlers over time?
They saw them as invaders who would take over their land