Painting by Ebb Pate http://www.etsy.com/listing/52479645/duke-of-gloucester-street-one
What is a cash crop?
A crop that is grown to sell for money rather than for use by the growers.
What did the economy of Virginia depend on as a primary source of wealth?
What became the most profitable agricultural product?
What was sold in England as a cash crop?
What did the success of tobacco depend on?
A steady and inexpensive source of labor
Why were African men, women, and children brought to the colony against their will?
To work as slaves on the plantations
What did the Virginia colony become dependent on?
Name examples of architecture that reflect different cultures.
Barns, homes, and places of worship
What happens when people settle an area?
They change the culture and landscape to reflect their beliefs, customs, and architecture.
What culture does the name of the city Richmond reflect?
What culture does the name of the city Roanoke reflect?
Where did English and other Europeans settle in Virginia?
Primarily in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions
Where did Germans and Scots-Irish settle in Virginia?
Primarily in the Shenandoah Valley, which was along the migration route
Where did Africans settle in Virginia?
Primarily in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions, where tobacco agriculture required a great deal of labor
Where did the American Indians live in Virginia?
Prior to the arrival of settlers they lived throughout Virginia, after settlers arrived most were forced inland.
How did people adapt to new areas?
Migration and living in new areas caused people to adapt old customs to their new environment.
Why did the capital move from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
1. Drinking water was contaminated by seepage of salt water.
2. Unhealthy living conditions caused diseases.
3. Fire destroyed wooden and brick buildings at Jamestown.
Why did the capital move from Williamsburg to Richmond?
1. Population was moving westward.
2. Richmond was a more central location.
3. Moving to Richmond increased the distance from attack by the Bristish.
What did England become in the early 1700’s?
Know the following forms of exchange used in the Virginia Colony:
Money – a medium of exchange (currency, which includes coins and paper bills)
Barter – trading/exchanging of goods and services without the use of money
Credit – Buying a good or service now and paying for it later
Debt – a good or service owed to another
Saving – money put away to save or to spend at a later time
Did many people have paper money in Colonial Virginia?
Few people had paper money and coins to use to buy goods and services.
How did people pay for things instead of using money?
Barter was commonly used instead of money
What product was used as money?
How could a tobacco farmer use tobacco?
A farmer could use tobacco to pay for goods and services
What is another way that farmers and consumers could also buy goods and services?
They could get things on credit and pay their debts when their crops were harvested and sold
Did colonial Virginia have banks?
What did people living in colonial Virginia depend on to produce the goods and services they needed?
Natural, human, and capital resources
What was food like for colonial Virginians?
1. Food choices were limited.
2. Meals were made of local produce and meats.
What was housing like for colonial Virginians?
1. Most people lived in one-room homes with dirt floors.
2. Some people (farmers) lived in large houses.
What was clothing like for colonial Virginians?
1. Households made their own clothes.
2. Most clothing was made of cotton, wool, and leather.
What was colonial life like for most white Virginians?
They made their living from the land as small farmers, a few owned large farms (plantations).
What was colonial life like for enslaved African Americans?
They worked tobacco, crops, and livestock. African Americans had no rights.
What was colonial life like for free African Americans?
They owned their own business and property, but were denied most rights.